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HTML
To publish information for global distribution, one needs a universally understood language, a kind of publishing mother tongue that all computers may potentially understand. The publishing language used by the World Wide Web is HTML (from HyperText Markup Language). HTML documents are plain-text (also known as ASCII) files that can be created using any text editor (e.g., Emacs or vi on UNIX machines; SimpleText on a Macintosh; Notepad on a Windows machine). It is a non-proprietary format based upon SGML, and can be created and processed by a wide range of tools, from simple plain text editors - you type it in from scratch- to sophisticated WYSIWYG authoring tools. HTML uses tags such as <h1> and </h1> to structure text into headings, paragraphs, lists, hypertext links etc.

HTML gives authors the means to:
Publish online documents with headings, text, tables, lists, photos, etc.
Retrieve online information via hypertext links, at the click of a button.
Design forms for conducting transactions with remote services, for use in searching for information, making reservations, ordering products, etc.
Include spread-sheets, video clips, sound clips, and other applications directly in their documents.

HTML Documentation
HTML 4.01 Specification
http://www.w3.org/TR/html401

Getting started with HTML, advanced features, Adding a touch of style:
http://www.w3.org/MarkUp/Guide/
http://www.w3.org/MarkUp/Guide/Advanced
http://www.w3.org/MarkUp/Guide/Style

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines
These guidelines explain how to make Web content accessible to people with disabilities.
http://www.w3.org/TR/WAI-WEBCONTENT/

HTML Validation Service
A free service that checks documents like HTML and XHTML for conformance to W3C Recommendations and other standards.
http://validator.w3.org/

HTML Tidy
A stand-alone tool for checking and pretty-printing HTML that is in many cases able to fix up mark-up errors, and also offers a means to convert existing HTML content into well-formed XML, for delivery as XHTML.
http://tidy.sourceforge.net/

NCSA - A Beginner's Guide to HTML
http://archive.ncsa.uiuc.edu/General/Internet/WWW/HTMLPrimerAll.html

HTML Tag Reference
Lists all the HTML tags and attributes supported in Netscape Navigator 4.0 and earlier.
http://developer.netscape.com/docs/manuals/htmlguid/index.htm

HTML Element Support Cross Reference
This Technote gives a summary of the support for the Elements in HTML 4.0 across Netscape Navigator 4.x, Netscape 6, Internet Explorer 3.x-5.x, HTML 3.2 and HTML 4.0.
http://developer.netscape.com/evangelism/docs/technotes/xref/html-element/

XHTML 1.0 specification
http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/

 

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